Publications

Download my American Planning Association guidebook, Planning for Urban Heat Resilience, for free.

*Student advisee

Refereed Journal Articles

  1. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, Lauren Jensen*, Shaylynn Trego*, Erika Schmidt*, and Philip Berke. (2023). Evaluating urban heat mitigation across networks of plans. Journal of Planning Education and Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X231215780
  2. Trego, Shaylynn*, Sara Meerow, and Ladd Keith. (2023). Heat planning in small and medium-sized cities: A Collaborative application of PIRS™ for Heat in Kent, WA, USA. Socio-Ecological Practice Research. (5)4, 409-422. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42532-023-00166-6
  3. Keith, Ladd, C.J. Gabbe, and Erika Schmidt*. (2023). Urban Heat Governance: Examining the Role of Urban Planning. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning. 25(5), 642-662. https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2023.2244446
  4. Chambers, Samuel N., Heidi E. Brown, Ladd Keith, and Erika Austhof. (2023). Development of a Geographic Human Heat Balance Equation to Support Public Health Analyses: An Arizona Urban Sun Corridor application. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. 32(2023), 101009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsase.2023.101009
  5. Chambers, Samuel N., Geoffrey A. Boyce, Daniel E. Martinez, Coen Bongers, and Ladd Keith. (2023). The contribution of physical exertion to heat-related illness and death in the Arizona borderlands. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. 46(2023), 100590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sste.2023.100590
  6. Sami, Ida* and Ladd Keith. (2023). How do streetcar transit users and streetcar decision-makers perceive heat risk? Journal of Public Transportation. 25(2023), 100045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubtr.2023.100045
  7. Hughes, Halley B.*, David D. Breshears, Kimberly J. Cook*, Ladd Keith, and Joseph R. Burger. (2023). Household energy use response to extreme heat evaluated with a biophysical model of temperature regulation: An Arizona case study. PLOS Climate. 2(4), e0000110. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pclm.0000110
  8. Crisman, Jonathan Jae-An, Ladd Keith, Ida Sami*, and Gregg M. Garfin. (2023). Designing Chill City: An interactive game supporting public learning about urban planning for extreme heat. The Journal of Environmental Education. 54(3), 225-239. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2023.2183173
  9. Iuliano, Joseph E.* and Ladd Keith. (2022). Near Misses and Split Routes: Comparing Rider Behavior, Driver Interaction, and Route Choice for Cyclists. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security. 15(11), 1148-1171. https://doi.org/10.1080/19439962.2022.2155745
  10. Brown, Heidi E., Ladd Keith, Valerie Madera-Garcia*, Anissa Taylor, Nicholas M. Ramirez, and Irene Ogata. (2022). Greening up for mosquitoes: A comparison of green stormwater infrastructure in a semi-arid region. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 38(2), 109-112. https://doi.org/10.2987/21-7055
  11. Meerow, Sara and Ladd Keith. (2022). Planning for extreme heat: A national survey of U.S. planners. Journal of the American Planning Association. 88(3), 319-334. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2021.1977682
  12. Keith, Ladd, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Erika Austhof, Ida Sami*, and Mona Arora. (2021). Extreme heat at outdoor COVID-19 vaccination sites. The Journal of Climate Change and Health. 4(2021), 100043. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joclim.2021.100043
    • Keith, Ladd, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Erika Austhof, Ida Sami*, and Mona Arora. (2021). Response to correspondence on “Extreme heat at outdoor COVID-19 vaccination sites”. The Journal of Climate Change and Health. 4(2021), 100073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joclim.2021.100073
  13. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, and Tess Wagner*. (2019). Planning for extreme heat: A review. Journal of Extreme Events. 6(3&4), 2050003. http://doi.org/10.1142/S2345737620500037
  14. Austhof, Erika, Vjollca Berisha, Ben McMahan, Gigi Owen, Ladd Keith, Matthew Roach, and Heidi E. Brown. (2020). Participation and Engagement of Public Health Stakeholders in Climate and Health Adaptation. Atmosphere, 11(3), 265. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11030265

Editor-Reviewed Journal Article

  1. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, David M. Hondula, V. Kelly Turner, and James C. Arnott. (2021). Deploy heat officers, policies and metrics. Nature. 598(7879), 29-31. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-02677-2

Manuscripts Under Review

  1. Avila, Ashley*, Kristina M. Currans, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, and Ladd Keith. (Under Review). The Effect of Vehicular Waste Heat on Personal Heat Exposure: A Pilot Study.
  2. Meerow, Sara, Ladd Keith, Malini Roy, and Shaylynn Trego*. (Under review). Plan evaluation for heat resilience: Complementary methods to comprehensively assess heat planning in Tempe and Tucson, Arizona.
  3. Leyba, Bryan*, Sara Meerow, Alexandra Busch*, Doris Damyanovic, and Ladd Keith. (Under review). Planning for Heat Resilience in Increasingly Vulnerable Cities: A Case Study of Vienna, Austria.
  4. Watkins, Lance*, Heidi E. Brown, Ladd Keith, Erika Austhof, Hsini Lin Cox, Samuel N. Chambers, Joseph Tabor, Aaron Gettel, and Melissa Guardaro. (Under review). A co-produced spatial optimization workflow for addressing inequities in cooling center access.
  5. Jensen, Lauren*, Ladd Keith, Sara Meerow, Philip Berke, Erika Schmidt*, and Shaylynn Trego*. (Under review). Planning to mitigate heat in vulnerable neighborhoods: Applying the Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard™ for Heat in Dorchester and East Boston.
  6. Iuliano, Joseph E.* and Ladd Keith. (Revise and resubmit). Shifting Gears: A case study of bicycle planning and decision-making in Tucson, Arizona.

Refereed Monograph

  1. Keith, Ladd and Sara Meerow. (2022). Planning for Urban Heat Resilience. Planning Advisory Services (PAS) Report 600. American Planning Association. http://www.planning.org/publications/report/9245695/

Refereed Monograph Section

  1. Keith, Ladd. (2022). Adaptation to Urban Heat in Tucson. In Matt Bucchin and Aaron Tuley (Authors), Planning for Climate Mitigation and Adaptation. Planning Advisory Services (PAS) Report 601. American Planning Association (APA). (pp. 113-115). https://www.planning.org/publications/report/9250330/

Refereed Technical Reports

  1. West, Maddie, Julie Arrighi, Hunter Jones, Ladd Keith, Kim Knowlton, Rupa Kumar Kolli, Andreas, Matzarakis, Jason Lee, Chao Ren, Audrey Tan, and Abhiyant Tiwari. (2023). Reporting on Heatwaves and the Health Impacts of Heat. Global Heat Health Information Network (GHHIN). https://ghhin.org/press/.
  2. Iroz-Elardo, Nicole, Ladd Keith, Kristi M. Currans, Ashley Avila*, Lauren Heath*, Brenden J. Little*, Ethan C. Wissler*, and Andrew J. Birkelbach*. (2023). Assessing Cool Corridor Heat Resilience Strategies for Human-Scale Transportation. NITC-RR-1483. Portland, OR: Transportation Research and Education Center (TREC).
  3. Shumake-Guillemot, Joy (Ed.), Sulfikar Amir, Nausheen Anwar, Julie Arrighi, Stephan Böse-O’Reilly, Matt Brearley, Jamie Cross, Hein Daanen, Francesca de’Donato, Bernd Eggen, Andreas Flouris, Nicola Gerrett, Werner Hagens, Alina Herrmann, Maud Huynen, Hunter Jones, Ladd Keith, Aalok Khandekar, Jason Lee, Rachel Lowe, Franziska Matthies-Wiesler, Marie Morrella, Nathan Morris, Claudia Di Napoi, Anindrya Nastiti, Ian Norton, Lars Nybo, Elspeth Oppermann, Roop Singh, Lesliam Quiros-Alcala, Anouk Roeling, Ana M. Rule, Gerardo Sanchez Martinez, Joris van Loenhout, Peter Van Den Hazel, Kirsten Vanderplanken, and Benjamin Zaitchik. (2020). Protecting Health from Hot Weather during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Global Heat Health Information Network (GHHIN). http://www.ghhin.org/heat-and-covid-19/

Non-Refereed Technical Reports

  1. Meerow, Sara, Ladd Keith, Malini Roy, Shaylynn Trego*, Erika Schmidt*, Jack Haskins*, and Bryan Leyba*, and Lindsey Jordan*. (2023). Plan Evaluation for Heat Resilience: City of Phoenix, AZ. Southwest Urban Corridor Integrated Field Laboratory (SW-IFL) – Arizona State University and University of Arizona. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/670109
  2. Trego, Shaylynn*, Sara Meerow, Ladd Keith, Erika Schmidt*, Bryan Leyba*, and Lindsey Jordan*. (2023). Plan Evaluation for Heat Resilience: City of Phoenix, AZ. Southwest Urban Corridor Integrated Field Laboratory (SW-IFL) – Arizona State University and University of Arizona. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/670044
  3. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, Malini Roy, Shaylynn Trego, Erika Schmidt, Jack Haskins, and Bryan Leyba. (2023). Plan Evaluation for Heat Resilience: City of Tucson, AZ. Southwest Urban Corridor Integrated Field Laboratory (SW-IFL) – Arizona State University and University of Arizona. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/669877
  4. Brown, Heidi E., Ladd Keith, Sam Chambers, Kristina M. Currans, Erika Austhof, Cheyenne R. McChesney. (2023). Cooling Center Walkshed & Transit Accessibility Analysis. A Report for the Arizona CDC Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) project. University of Arizona.
  5. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, Shaylynn Trego*, and Erika Schmidt*. (2022). City of Tempe, AZ: Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard™ (PIRS™) For Heat. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/666700
  6. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, Shaylynn Trego*, Erika Schmidt*, Lauren Jensen*, Philip Berke, and Joseph DeAngelis. (2022). City of Kent, WA: Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard™ (PIRS™) for Heat. https://www.planning.org/media/document/9260042/
  7. Keith, Ladd, Sara Meerow, Philip Berke, Joseph DeAngelis, Lauren Jensen*, Shaylynn Trego*, Erika Schmidt*, and Stephanie Smith*. (2022). Plan Integration for Resilience Scorecard™ (PIRS™) for Heat: Spatially evaluating networks of plans to mitigate heat (Version 1.0). https://www.planning.org/publications/document/9257652/
  8. Chambers, Samuel N., Heidi E. Brown, Ladd Keith, and Erika Austhof. (2022). Summary of Body Heat Storage Layer Development. A Report for the Arizona CDC Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) project. University of Arizona.
  9. Von Ohlen, Kurt*, Heidi E. Brown, Ladd Keith, Erika Austhof, Lance Watkins, and Sam Chambers. (2022). Summary of Pima County Cooling Center Spatial Optimization. A Report for the Arizona CDC Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) project. University of Arizona.
  10. Keith, Ladd, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Ida Sami*, and Erika Austhof. (2021). Extreme Heat at Outdoor Vaccination Sites: Banner South (Kino) Report. University of Arizona.
  11. Keith, Ladd, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Ida Sami*, and Erika Austhof. (2021). Extreme Heat at Outdoor Vaccination Sites: Tucson Medical Center (TMC) Report. University of Arizona.
  12. Keith, Ladd, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Ida Sami*, and Erika Austhof. (2021). Extreme Heat at Outdoor Vaccination Sites: UArizona POD Report. University of Arizona.
  13. Keith, Ladd, Pegy Brimhall, Jill Allen Dixon, Chanceé Lundy, Riki Nishimura, Lauren McKim Callaghan, and August Williams-Eynon. (2020). Dallas, Texas: Tornado Recovery Emphasizing Urban and Climate Resilience around the Walnut Hill/Denton Drive Dallas Rapid Transit Station. Urban Land Institute, Advisory Services. http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.16222.77126
  14. Meadow, Alison M., Jeremy Weiss, Sarah LeRoy, and Ladd Keith. (2020). Climate Profile for the Verde Valley. University of Arizona, Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS). https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.15258.26566
  15. Keith, Ladd, Ben McMahan, and Tess Wagner*. (2019). Urban heat island maps and decision making. University of Arizona, Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS). http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.35788.49282
  16. Meadow, Alison M., Jeremy Weiss, Sarah LeRoy, Ladd Keith, Sharon Hausam, Ellu Nasser, Sascha Petersen, Alex Basaraba, and Nyssa Russell. (2019). Climate Profile for the Pueblo of Laguna. University of Arizona, Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS).
  17. Keith, Ladd, Michelle Beaman Chang, Jason Bonnet, Samia Byrd, John Macomber, Michael Rodriguez, Susannah Ross, Matt Steenhoek, Byron Stigge, Jay Valgora, Lauren McKim Callaghan, and Leah Sheppard. (2019). Miami, Florida: The Riverfront, the Bayfront, and the Ridge – A Holistic Approach to Waterfront Resilience. Urban Land Institute, Advisory Services. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.21986.27849
  18. Meadow, Alison M., Sarah LeRoy, Jeremy Weiss, and Ladd Keith. (2019). Climate profile for the Highlands at Dove Mountain. University of Arizona, Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS). http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.16389.83684
  19. Meadow, Alison M., Sarah LeRoy, Jeremy Weiss, and Ladd Keith. (2018). Climate profile for the City of Flagstaff, Arizona. University of Arizona, Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS). http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.20826.70083
  20. Keith, Ladd, Marcel Acosta, Amitabh Marthakur, Neal Payton, Jamie Simchik, Julie Underdahl, Cassie Wright, Paul Angelone, Alex Schoeder, and Clay Holk. (2018). Jacksonville, Florida: Leveraging Transit for Economic Development. Urban Land Institute, Advisory Services. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.12758.80960
  21. Taylor, Marilyn J., Zelalam Adefris, Janice Barnes, Matthijs Bouw, Dennis Carlberg, Justin Chapman, Tracy Gabriel, Mariane Jang, Ladd Keith, John Macomber, Molly McCabe, Cynthia McHale, Christine Morris, Jim Murley, Josh Murphy, and Phil Payne. (2018). Ten Principles for Building Resilience. Urban Land Institute. http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.12653.95203
  22. Gurol, Kamuron, Ladd Keith, Shane Farthing, Richard Henderson, Anita Morrison, Carlos F. Perez, Jodi Slick, Alejandro Villegas, Katharine Burgess, Paul Angelone, and Leah Sheppard. (2016). El Paso, Texas: Active Transportation System. Urban Land Institute, Advisory Services. http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29536.02568
  23. Heid, Jim, Margaret Kaigh Doyle, Tracy Gabriel, Ladd Keith, Alan Razak, Michael A. Stern, Lindsey Willke, Sarene Marshall, Beth Silverman, and Paul Angelone. (2015). St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana: Bridging the Divide with the South Central Study Area through Resilience. Urban Land Institute, Advisory Services. http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.14017.10084

Op-Eds

  1. Keith, Ladd. (2022). Extreme heat is here. Here’s how we create a heat-resilient nation. Smart Cities Dive. July 13, 2022.
  2. Keith, Ladd and Andrea K. Gerlak. (2021). There’s no place in the US safe from the heat. The Hill. August 20, 2021.
  3. Keith, Ladd and Sara Meerow. (2021). Cities must plan for heat resilience now. Thomson Reuters Foundation. July 5, 2021.

Other Publications

  1. Meerow, Sara and Ladd Keith. (2023). Growing Heat Hazards from Climate Change and the Urban Heat Island Need to Be Integrated Across Siloed Urban Plans. Here’s How. The Nature of Cities. June 21, 2023.
  2. West, Maddie and Ladd Keith. (2023). Creating Cool and Resilient Communities: Integrating Plans for Urban Heat Mitigation. Global Heat Health Information Network. May 30, 2023.
  3. Meerow, Sara and Ladd Keith. (2022). Heat Risks are Rising in Cities Worldwide — Here Is How to Plan for Urban Heat Resilience. The Nature of Cities. June 13, 2022.
  4. Keith, Ladd and Sara Meerow. (2021). Urban Heat Resilience. Planning Advisory Services (PAS) QuickNotes 95. American Planning Association (APA). https://www.planning.org/publications/document/9219132/
  5. Keith, Ladd and Sara Meerow. (2021). Beat Extreme Heat with These 8 Tactics. Planning Magazine. Winter 2021, 12-14.